When papers are published in journals of science or law the "well behaved" tend to bow down and accept the assertions and enlightenment in that paper.
But there are rebels among us who just will not accept things as they should, but instead like to rock the boat to make us a bit nervous.
When the robe-wearing scientist publishes a decree, unlike those proclaimed by the robe wearing judges, there is no system of appeal.
Even though some church systems have appellate systems, science tends not to.
So, some miffed scientist will hoist up the pirate flag and fire off a few rounds into the grotto so as to tell those who published the papers what for. We recently pointed out one such altercation over "dark matter" here and here.
Another case in point is the attempt to measure "the speed of gravity" or the "speed at which it propagates". Note that the two may not be the same according to some scientists.
Anyway, after an experiment was done the results were declared to the American Astronomical Society. That article generated a rebuttal paper that was published a few months afterwards.
The rebuttal paper pointed out or argued that the experiment hadn't proved or disproved anything concerning the speed of gravity.
That controversy is still ongoing with points and counterpoints going to and fro at the speed of paper, as the fate of humanity awaits the outcome of the controversy to some degree.